The Seven Wealths

The Anguttara-Nikaya is particularly rich of both shorter or longer lists of qualities that the Buddha considered to be important for spiritual practitioners and conducive to attaining bodhi—enlightenment. Quite a few of these lists overlap, i.e. we find the same qualities mentioned in different combinations.

Some of these lists provide excellent material for Dharma enquiry. They allow both for deepening our intellectual understanding and they offer concrete suggestions for personal practice and reflection.

The handouts collated here were collated by Dhammaloka. They explore the “Seven Wealths” mentioned in the Ugga Sutta (Anguttara Nikaya 7.7). Dhammaloka says: I have used these materials in various contexts, both as a basis for talks and to lead study-contemplation events. Each individual quality is rich indeed. You may find that you wish to integrate them into other courses.

Note that these handouts have been produced by someone who isn’t a native speaker of English. They may need linguistic improvement. (Please share your improvements with the other users of this website and provide them, using this email-address.)
Handouts for download:

  1. The Ugga Sutta from the Anguttara Nikaya, translated by Thanissaro Bhikkhu
  2. The first wealth—Saddha (faith): definitions; three kinds of saddha; the opposite of saddha; the conditional nexus between dukkha and saddha
  3. The second wealth—Sila (ethical behaviour): four styles of Buddhist ethics (ethics of discipline, – of virtue, – of altruism, – of engagement); for material on the precepts, use this link and then access the material for ‘week 4’
  4. The third and fourth wealths—Hiri (shame) and ottappa (consideration of others/consequences): definitions; developing ethical sensitivity; Zhiyi’s 10 points of sincerity
  5. The fifth wealth—Suta (listening and learning): the art of listening; obstacles to listening; cultivating the six helpful attitudes; benefits of listening
  6. The sixth wealth—Caga (liberality, letting go): the distinction between caga and dana; the connection with meditation; qualities of a donor; the only valid motive for giving
  7. The seventh wealth—Panna (wisdom): panna and its opposites avijja and moha; vidya, prajna, and jnana; the three levels of wisdom; conditions for the arising of Perfect Vision (samma ditthi)

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